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Safety in the Julian Alps' mountains

With its incredible, vast mountain landscapes, the Julian Alps’ truly are a paradise for hiking, mountain biking and climbing but it is imperative to ensure you take adequate safety precautions whenever you are on the unforgiving mountains. The most common causes of accidents can be attributed to a lack of physical fitness, not having the correct equipment, or lacking the experience and knowledge necessary for difficult climbs.

Below you will find some of the measures we recommend everyone to keep in mind before embarking on your adventure in the Julian Alps, whether you are on the Juliana Trail or climbing to the summit of the mighty Mt. Triglav.


Whether you are on a beginner level route or an expert, technical route, always ensure you have the correct equipment.



  • Wear clothing which is warm, windproof and waterproof. Preferably in bright colours so you are easier to see from a distance and stand out against the mountainous landscape.
  • To adjust for changes in the temperature a layered clothing system is best. We would recommend a base layer to wick away moisture, an insulating mid-layer and a waterproof jacket and trousers, also bring a hat and gloves which can be stored in your backpack.
  • Avoid materials that will absorb water such as cotton T-shirts and jeans.
  • Wear appropriate footwear such as hiking boots which are suitable for the terrain you are on. Make sure they fit well and will not cause blisters on your feet.
  • Take an appropriately sized backpack which can fit all your essential equipment.


Essential Safety Equipment

  • A fully stocked first aid kit.
  • A loud whistle which can attract the attention of others in case you are in need of rescue.
  • A torch (plus spare batteries and bulbs or a spare torch as well) which can also be used to attract attention.
  • An accurate watch in order to keep track of time. Make sure you know what time the sun sets so you are not descending in darkness.
  • A mobile phone so you are able to contact help or be contacted if there is a signal.
  • A survival bag. These are strong, lightweight bags made from a tough plastic material which can act as a personal emergency shelter and reduce the loss of body heat. The bright colour can easily be seen and used as a distress signal.
  • If you are on your own then consider using a Personal Locator Beacon.
  • Climbers and mountain bikers should wear helmets.
  • Climbers on more technical routes may need to use Via Ferrata or ropes.


It is vital to understand how fast the mountain weather conditions can turn volatile. A beautiful summer day of sunshine in the valley can quickly transform into a thunderstorm high in the mountains. Keep an eye out for growing cloud formations, storm clouds and changes in the temperature. If the conditions are turning then always be prepared to turn back, no matter how close you may be to the mountain summit. As a result of changing weather conditions, be aware of the terrain you are on, limestone rock can get significantly more slippery when wet.


In the modern era, it is common to rely on Google Maps and GPS for directions but in the Julian Alps mountains, you are unlikely to have signal coverage. It is essential you have a map of the local area and a compass which you are able to use for navigation, make sure these are easily accessible at all times.


Hiking and climbing can require significant physical effort so make sure you have the necessary level of physical fitness for the trail or climb you are going to take on. If you are not fit enough then physical exhaustion can lead to an increased likelihood of injuries and impaired decision-making.


Do not attempt difficult hikes or climbs unless you have the adequate skills and experience to safely navigate them. Take a progressive approach and steadily increase the difficulty level to ensure you are not taking on routes which are beyond your current ability.


If you are visiting an unfamiliar destination then hiring a local certified guide can allow you to fully relax and enjoy the experience whilst following their expert lead. Guides will have significant local knowledge and will be able to offer insight on the best trails to take. In Slovenia, IFMGA guides are the highest certified guides, suitable for the more difficult routes.


Despite even the best preparation, emergencies can still happen and it is vital to know how to respond. If you or any member of your group are having urgently serious medical issues in the mountains, call 112 and you will be put through to Search & Rescue. If you are in danger for any reason, save your strength and find nearby shelter.


  • Plan your day to begin early in the morning so that you can avoid descending in the dark when easily avoidable dangers are much more difficult to spot. This is especially important during the winter months.
  • Ensure people are aware of your planned route including start and finish points and your expected time of return. Stick to this route as much as possible. If you are not back they can raise the alarm so people can come search for you.
  • Calculate the time it will take to complete the route based on the slowest person in your group so you have an adequate amount of time prepared.
  • Always keep your entire group in sight.
  • If you are going alone, be aware of the additional risk and take the necessary additional precautions.
  • Always have a plan B! If the route you have chosen proves too difficult or has unexpected conditions then be prepared to change directions, is there a less challenging route nearby? Is there an easy route to a safe location?

With these safety guidelines in mind, now it’s time to get planning for your trip to experience the glorious Julian Alps! What routes will you take?

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The Julian Alps  Verified partner